Tuscany, as in many neighboring cities, typical of the region of Viterbo, was built in layers, in this case seven mudslides between Martha and control the Capecchio River, which makes it possible to control Marta Valle (an important means of communication and communication) Prehistoric time, Lake Bolsena Tarquinia current Tyrrhenian sea).
This is called the legend of the mythical curious origin of the city: the first, narrated by the Roman historian. This Annio ski is named Tuscania founded by the son of Aeneas, Ascanio, who found 12 puppies (the Latin name Cana) and others show how the owner Tuscus Son of Hercules and Araks.
It was an Etruscan settlement. From the fourth century. C, after the defeat of the Greek coastal towns, Tuscany has become a center of trade maritime through the port of Regas (in what is now Montalt di Castro). There are documents showing that Tuscania participated in the battle, which led to conquering Roman Etruscan northern Lazio (280 test. NL) As the city enters the orbital quiet affair. The design and construction of Via Clodia agriculture is affected by the economic situation in the city. The village is already 88 years old. C.
19:09 on February 6, 1971 semidestruyó Tuscania earthquake was killed 31 people and injured many homes and buildings, including the Romanesque church of Sant Pere and Santa Maria Maggiore, which was later restored.
In 1997 he began Lazio Regional Law 29, “di Toscana Nature Reserve” about two thousand hectares.
Luckily, Lucca seems to be energy capital at the time of Narses, who was under siege for three months in 553 Lombard, where the duchess’s residence, which falsified their own money, is popular on the Silk Market, which began in the eleventh century, comparing the Byzantine side . In the 10th and 11th centuries, Lucca was the capital of Margraviate Tuscany, or facilitated independent loyalty symbolically Roman emperors.
Republic of Lucca
Main article: Republic of Lucca
After the death of the famous Matilda of Tuscany, the city became independent, with a letter in 1160 to almost 500 years, Lucca was an independent republic. There are many small lies in the region between southern Liguria and northern Tuscany dominated by Malaspina; Tuscany at that time was part of feudal Europe. Dante’s divine comedy contains many references to the great feudal families who had great responsibility for administrative and judicial rights. Dante spent some time in exile in Lucca.
Plan in central Italy together, share opportunities in 1314 to the Uguccione della Lakka host Faggiuola, but Lucchesi it two years later expelled and put its town Condottiero Castruccio Castracani improperly developed prime leading position in central Italy, Florence competitors, until its death in 1328 ..
22 and 23 September 1325 in the battle of Altopascio, returned to hit Guelph Florence, with many prisoners, so he called the duke of Lucca, Louis IV in Bavaria.
Castracani tomb in the church of San Francisco. CV-der Machiavelli acknowledged third book on state affairs.
Lucca requires 1408 to complete the division of the paw. Enkla and soldiers of Louis Bavorska, Genoa are sold as: Gherardini Spinola, taken by John, King of Bohemia. He performed Rossi in Parma, from -K Martino Della Scala in Verona, sold to Florentine, handed over to Pisa, symbolically issued by Emperor Charles IV and ruled by his pastor Lucca, namely (first as a democracy, and after 1628, as the oligarchy) succeeded Preserve independence Janov Venice and painted the word Libertas on its own, like the French Revolution (1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica).
Principality of provinces of Lucca
See also: The Principality of Lucca and Piombino the Principality of Lucca.
Lucca is the largest city in the Italian state with a Republican constitution (“City”) remains independent for centuries (near Venice, of course). In 1805, Napoleon took it, letting his sister Elisa Bonaparte Baciocchi be in charge of “The Princess of Lucca Piombino.” 1815 was the last round of the Duchy of Bourbon-Parma, after Tuscan in 1847 and finally